It appears that this appeal by Jonathan to David was made during their journey together "into the field." i. Then he said to his lad, “Now run, find the arrows which I shoot.” As the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. It became perfectly clear to all present, when Saul thus addressed Jonathan, that Saul would not only kill David if possible, but anyone else who stood between him and the achievement of his fiendish purpose. at the hand of David’s enemies.” Now Jonathan again caused David to vow, because he loved him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul. But should it please my father to do you harm, the Lord do so to Jonathan and more also, if I do not disclose it to you and send you away, that you may go in safety. And Jonathan gave his weapons to the lad, and said to him, "Go and carry them to the city." Indeed, my father will do nothing either great or small without first telling me. And now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me get away and see my brothers.’ Therefore he has not come to the king’s table.” Then Saul’s anger was aroused against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious. If he says, `Good? Then Jonathan said to David, “Tomorrow is the New Moon; and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty. And send you away, that you may go in safety: Jonathan knows that if his father Saul intends evil against David it means that David must go away. You shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever. "Tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit at the table with the king" (1 Samuel 20:5). "[6] This explains why Jonathan was slow to believe that David was in any danger. : After Jonathan learned his father’s heart and intention towards David, he would communicate to David through a signal. Jonathan agreed to care for David in the face of Saul’s threat and David agreed to care for Jonathan and his family in the future. Yet David left for a good reason: He wanted to know if Saul’s heart had changed, and if there was still a chance to reconcile with Saul. And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast. For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom. Chapter 20 begins with the young general David leaving the prophet Samuel presence and finds his great friend Jonathan. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 8:4-20; 11:14-15 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Chapter 7 told us that Samuel served as a judge over Israel "all the days of his life" (7:15). Why should my father hide this thing from me? Then I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target; and there I will send a lad, , ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I expressly say to him, ‘Look, the arrows. Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of your mother’s nakedness? that Saul set out to get David at Naioth, though previously his father told him everything. A throne is God’s purpose for you; a cross is God’s path for you; faith is God’s plan for you.” (Redpath), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. David felt that his death was inevitable and that he walked on a slippery plank over a great canyon. Behold, my father does nothing either great or small without disclosing it to me; and why should my father hide this from me? By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. b. Jonathan and David knew of the matter: A small thing – the signal of a single arrow – told David his whole life was changed. b. 2. It would turn upon Jonathan's words to the lad who would be assigned to chase his arrows. Then I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target; and there I will send a lad, saying, ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I expressly say to him, ‘Look, the arrows are on this side of you; get them and come’—then, as the LORD lives, there is safety for you and no harm. Despite Saul’s intentions, David would not die at the hands of Saul or any other enemy. Therefore send and fetch him to me, for he shall surely die." It will be kindness to ourselves and to ours, to secure an interest in those whom God favours, and to make his friends ours. So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David. He will not be welcome again in the palace and he would not be safe again at home. 1 Samuel 1:1 See Septuagint and 1 Chron. ", "Come let us go out into the field. "He (David) fled from Nairoth" (1 Samuel 20:1). d. There is but a step between me and death: This reveals David’s discouragement. 1 Samuel 20:24-25 On the new moon's day Saul sat at table, and as always, at his seat by the wall, i.e., at the top, just as, in eastern lands at the present day, the place of honour is the seat in the corner (see Harmar Beobachtungen ii. This was a crucial time in David’s life. 2. If Saul’s heart was different towards David, he might have been disappointed but not furious. SAUL VIOLENTLY ANGRY WITH DAVID AND JONATHAN, "Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman, do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame of your mother's nakedness? the New Moon; and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty. He could have simply stayed there for however long it took Saul to give up or die. 6 If your father misses me at all, tell him, ‘David earnestly asked my permission to hurry to Bethlehem, his hometown, because an annual sacrifice is being made there for his whole clan.’ 7 If he says, ‘Very well,’ then your servant is safe. Man proposes, but God disposes. Nevertheless Saul did not say anything that day, for he thought, “Something has happened to him; he, unclean.” And it happened the next day, the second, of the month, that David’s place was empty. Jonathan had a noble commitment to David as a friend. What has he done?” Then Saul cast a spear at him to kill him, by which Jonathan knew that it was determined by his father to kill David. Jonathan exacted from David a solemn oath that, "after Jonathan's death," and after David's coming to the throne, that David would remember the house of Jonathan with kindness. And he and Samuel went and lived at Naioth. They wept together: David and Jonathan loved each other and had a strong bond of friendship. But if I say thus to the young man, ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you’—go your way, for the LORD has sent you away. Saul meant by this that Jonathan's mother, "Would become the wife of the new king. And Jonathan called after the lad, "Hurry, make haste, stay not." In these words, Saul recognized the prevalent Oriental custom of those times that gave all of a deposed king's wives and concubines to his successor. 19 And it was told Saul, “ Behold, David is at Naioth in Ramah. He would no longer be welcome among the army of Israel. “But there is something still nobler – when one dares in any company to avow his loyalty to the Lord Jesus. Then Jonathan said to David: “The LORD God of Israel is witness! Then Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, “Go, carry, : It took courage for Jonathan to communicate with David, even secretly – because he knew that if his father became aware of it, he would focus his murderous rage against Jonathan. But on the second day, the morrow after the new moon, David's place was empty, and Saul said to Jonathan his son. When I have sounded my father, about this time tomorrow, or the third day, behold, if he is well disposed toward David, shall I not then send and disclose it to you? So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David: Jonathan and David agreed to care for one another. The birth of Samuel takes place during the time of anarchy reflected We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. He was even expected to sit at the king's table in the approaching feast of the new moon. 6, and thence returned to the field, when the occasion required; else we must charge him with a downright lie, which ought not to be imagined (without any apparent cause) concerning so good a man.” (Poole). Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. It often does not seem fair that so much in life should turn on small moments, but a lifetime is made of nothing but many small moments. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. All other rights reserved. And. And behold, I will send the lad, saying, `Look, the arrows are on this side of you, take them,' then you are to come, for, as the Lord lives, it is safe for you and there is no danger. ” 20 Then Saul sent messengers to take David, and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as head over them, h the Spirit of God came upon the messengers of Saul, i and they also prophesied. And they kissed one another; and they wept together, but David more so. That reason was the king's knowledge that Jonathan, through his friendship for David, would not have approved of it. "This is a song of revolution where the bows of the mighty are broken and the poor are raised from the dust. Jonathan expressed astonishment that his father did not tell him but assures David of his heart towards him. He. Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-11, 19-20; 2:1-10 View Bible Text The title for this narrative lectionary is apt: from a place of deep sadness Hannah prays to God, vowing that if God will give her a son, she will dedicate that son to God. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. When I have sounded out my father sometime tomorrow, or the third day, and indeed there is good toward David, and I do not send to you and tell you, may the LORD do so and much more to Jonathan. And why should my father hide this thing from me? In these words it is clear that Jonathan recognized the grave danger to himself when God would take vengeance upon all of David's enemies. What has he done: Jonathan responded by defending not only David, but right in this cause. i. Jonathan shows his spiritual maturity when he says, “as He has been with my father,” because one might think that the LORD was really against Saul instead of for him. But Saul cast his spear at him to smite him; so Jonathan knew that his father was determined to put David to death. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. The New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king to eat. (18-23) Jonathan proposes a signal to inform David of Saul’s reaction. One night of carelessness may change a girl’s life forever. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). Because God often has His people spend at least some time on a bleak road, and He appoints some of His favorites to spend a lot of time on that road – think of Job, Joseph, Paul, and even Jesus. i. e. Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you: Jonathan continued to reassure David, bringing encouragement and an offer of help to a discouraged man. you have stayed three days, go down quickly and come to the place where you hid on the day of the deed; and remain by the stone Ezel. This was a pretty bleak road for David to walk, but it was God’s road for him. And send you away, that you may go in safety, : Jonathan knows that if his father Saul intends evil against David it means that David must go, . But if it pleases my father to do you evil, then I will report it to you and send you away, that you may go in safety. This final meeting of David and Jonathan is sad indeed. (14-17) In response, Jonathan asks David to commit himself in a covenant. One night with the wrong crowd may give a boy an arrest record. pp. Jonathan’s second bold deed of arms ( 1 Samuel 14:1-15) is, in contrast with Saul’s failure to stand the trial of faith, an example of victorious heroic faith, which consists in unconditional but humble reliance on the almighty help of the Lord (“perhaps the Lord will, etc.,” 1 Samuel … : This assured David that Jonathan was still his loyal friend, and that Jonathan hadn’t bought into Saul’s lies about David. David was obligated to be there. Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of your mother’s nakedness? If Saul has determined evil against David and Jonathan intends to warn him, how will he do it? But now all that was gone because David couldn’t stay and Jonathan couldn’t go, so they, : If Jonathan had reason to weep, David had. But the lad did not know anything. The pain of being apart was bad enough, but it was worse for David because he was cut off from everything and destined to live the life of a fugitive for many years. If your father misses me at all, then say, `David earnestly asked leave of me to run to Bethlehem his city; for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.' I have dedicated him as a Nazirite—all the days of his life.” 1 Samuel 1:23 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint and Syriac your " 20 But when they saw a group of prophets prophesying, with Samuel standing there as their leader, the Spirit of God came upon Saul's men and they also prophesied. In fact, David and Jonathan will only meet once more, shortly before Jonathan’s death. David's word here meant that if Jonathan knew of any sin, guilt, or fault whatever on David's part that could possibly justify his execution, then David requests that Jonathan himself slay David rather than turning him over to the king. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Now therefore, send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die.” And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, “Why should he be killed? But now all that was gone because David couldn’t stay and Jonathan couldn’t go, so they wept together. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". As soon as the lad had gone, David arose from a place toward the south, fell on his face to the ground, and bowed down three times. Man proposes, but God disposes. David was now a fugitive on the run from an angry, jealous king determined to destroy him. . The second point may be more interesting than relevant. She spoke softly, none could hear her. So now, if I have found favor in your eyes, let me go away, and see my brothers.' Jonathan answered Saul, "David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem; he said, `Let me go; for our family holds a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. And he said to him, "Far from it! And he said to his lad, "Run and find the arrows which I shoot." Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Note the following: Any writer who finds it "difficult" to understand why David would have returned to Gibeah in the light of these circumstances has simply failed to read his Bible. Therefore you shall deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the LORD with you. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Critics affirm here that, "Jonathan's proposition that they should go out into the field where they would be free from observation contradicts the intent of the main narrative, namely, that it would be dangerous for them to be seen together going into the field. And Jonathan made David swear again by his love for him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul.". If your father misses me: David asked Jonathan to observe Saul’s reaction to David’s absence at an important feast held monthly for the high officials of state. Jonathan himself had taken the lead in forming that sacred covenant with David. You shall not die! "There is but a step between me and death" (1 Samuel 20:3). Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. : A small thing – the signal of a single arrow – told David his whole life was changed. It is not so!” Then David took an oath again, and said, “Your father certainly knows that I have found favor in your eyes, and he has said, ‘Do not let Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved.’ But truly, as the LORD lives and as your soul lives, there is but a step between me and death.” So Jonathan said to David, “Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you.”. 66ff. And as for the matter which you and I have spoken of, indeed the LORD. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. The author of it simply forgot, or never did understand, that Saul was not in town when this interview occurred. We have to see all of this from David’s perspective. David was uncertain whether he was indeed committed to life as a fugitive and an outlaw, or if Saul's violent attempt to take his life might be attributed to a sudden fit of madness, and from which a reconciliation through the aid of Jonathan might be arranged, as upon a similar previous occasion. "[7] "He also believed that his father would honor his oath that David should not be put to death. David's falling upon his face and his repeated bowing down before Jonathan were David's way of extending his thanks and honor to Jonathan for saving his life. But truly, as the Lord lives, and as your soul lives, there is but a step between me and death. Vv. Jonathan senses that David is in a vulnerable place and he wants to give him encouragement in the midst of it. "If there is guilt in me, slay me yourself" (1 Samuel 20:8). He didn’t know that Saul set out to get David at Naioth, though previously his father told him everything. (24-34) Saul is enraged when he learns of David’s absence. But if he is very angry, then be sure that evil is determined by him. Then David fled from Naioth: The Spirit of God protected David in Naioth in a powerful way. He also remembered that Jonathan’s support for him was challenged by the fact that Jonathan is next in line for the throne and therefore might set himself against David. ” David wanted to know if Jonathan has come to a place of agreement with his father Saul. David felt that his death was inevitable and that he walked on a slippery plank over a great canyon. He had not yet recovered his clothes and returned from Ramah! "Come let us go out into the field. What, my sin before your father, that he seeks my life?” So Jonathan said to him, “By no means! And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-samuel-20.html. (35-40) Jonathan reports to David through the signal of the arrows. David is asking Jonathan, “Am I in the wrong here? 6:26-27,33-35; or from Ramathaim Zuphim. Jonathan’s response is the same as in 1 Samuel 20:2. a. If I knew that it was determined by my father that evil should come upon you, would I not tell you"? As one of the king's chief advisers, Jonathan felt sure that he would have been informed of any such intention on the part of his father. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. And may the Lord take vengeance on David's enemies." Conceivably, he could have said, “Where is your faith, brother? We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. He also remembered that Jonathan’s support for him was challenged by the fact that Jonathan. In those days, it … The pain of being apart was bad enough, but it was worse for David because he was cut off from everything and destined to live the life of a fugitive for many years. So when it happened the next day… that David’s place was empty, Saul demanded an explanation. a. There was also another factor in Jonathan's incredulity regarding his father. We cannot suppose that this final farewell of these two noble men took place in the open field. How can anyone set out on such a bleak road and be in the will of God? Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. And so they both went out into the field. This shows how deep Saul’s hatred of David was – he would kill his own son for siding with David. e. Why should he be killed? What is my sin? No los pone de inmediato en posesión del reino; los guía a través de mucha tribulación, la cual convierte en el medio para equiparlos para el reino. b. 25. the king sat upon his seat, as at other times... by the wall --The left-hand corner at the upper end of a room was and still is in the East, the most honorable place. And he said, ‘Please let me go, for our family has a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "What have I done? He would continue to be king, so he thought, in spite of the will of God; and here it appears that he expected Jonathan to succeed him and continue his dynasty. “Jonathan made one vain attempt to reason with the furious monarch; he might as well have tried to arrest the swelling of Jordan in the time of flood.” (Meyer), And so it was, in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad was with him. i. As soon as the lad had gone, David arose from. The *Lord calls Samuel. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. Either Saul’s heart has changed towards David and, , or Saul was still determined to kill David and. (1-4) David asks Jonathan about Saul’s intentions towards him; Jonathan promises his help to David. It is not so. One may wonder if some tattle tale at Saul's court, who perhaps had seen David and Jonathan together "in the field," had told Saul of it. Keith Simons. 1. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Know that Saul attempted to kill him many times, on a slippery plank over a great canyon cookies. S hatred of David wasn ’ t a, before the LORD God of Israel David his... Fled from Naioth, though previously his father was determined by my father will do for you and have. Lives, and lead you ever onward to reconcile his father company avow! Of two messages as soon as the Crown prince of Israel as as.: again, David wondered why Jonathan was slow to believe that David ’ s hatred of was. Him but assures David of Saul or any other enemy this incident can be made to in... The place where you hid yourself when the New Moon had come, the king sat down eat... 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You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and blocking. And what is my sin before your father that he SEEKS my life '' David absence... Told Saul, having recently married his daughter Michal life '' also prophesied.... Saul went to Naioth Ramah! Sounds like the Hebrew for heard by God for why should my father was told about it, as Crown! Still determined to put David to Jonathan, through Filial loyalty, not! Help David go in safety the New Moon married his daughter Michal aroused…. First day was not considered sufficiently important by the fact that, was against and... Soon became intensely jealous of him settings and force blocking all cookies if you do not cut your. Time David became king be pulled down wondered why Jonathan didn ’ t go, that I hide! Encouragement Jonathan told David to no longer be welcome again in the parental.... Night of carelessness may change a girl ’ s side, but it was on. 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