2. Descriptive statistics are reported numerically in the manuscript text and/or in its tables, or graphically in its figures. In ancient times they had no statistics so they had to fall back on lies. Descriptive statistics are an important part of biomedical research which is used to describe the basic features of the data in the study. Think of your three best friends. It is the mark of a truly intelligent person to be moved by statistics. Research Skills One: Using SPSS 20, Handout 2: Descriptive Statistics: Page 1: Using SPSS 20: Handout 2. Democracy is an abuse of statistics. Descriptive statistics provides information focused on an immediate group of data. This article is part of the Stata for Students series. A story, you are implicated in, and you have to choose what side you are going to be on. In a research study we may have lots of measures. In quotes, you need to specify where the data file is located on your computer. Descriptive Statistics. BrainyQuote has been providing inspirational quotes since 2001 to our worldwide community. Famous Quotes about Statistics To call in the statistician after the experiment is done may be no more than asking him to perform a post-mortem examination: he may be … 118 quotes from Naked Statistics: Stripping the Dread from the Data: ‘It’s easy to lie with statistics, but it’s hard to tell the truth without them.’ If you dwell on statistics you get shortsighted, if you aim for consistency, the numbers will be there at the end. We have a ritual at the Labor Department - at 8 A.M., we gather around a table in my office, and the commissioner of labor statistics briefs me and the department's senior leadership on the numbers. I realise that certain actors project their own image onto the screen - those who are the same on as they are off. ~Author Unknown. 1. The basic norms applicable to the HRB include 634 Caucasian subjects, of whom 486 came from the original battery sample. For example, we could calculate the mean and standard deviation of the exam marks for the 100 students and this could provide valuable information about this group of 100 students. To open Excel in windows go Start -- Programs -- Microsoft Office -- Excel . A magic trick of any sort works because you tell yourself a story about what you see. To see how this works, take a look at this worksheet. Stata for Students: Descriptive Statistics. Reporting Descriptive Statistics: When reporting descriptive statistic from a variable you should, at a minimum, report a measure of central tendency and a measure of variability. Descriptive Statistics. Compute descriptive statistics from sample data, including measures of central tendency, dispersion, shape, correlation, and covariance. Descriptive Statistics Project. Lottery: A tax on people who are bad at math. They provide simple summaries about the sample and the measures. 1.1 UNIVARIATE DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS 27 Thesamplemean,ˆ measures the center of the histogram; the sample standard deviation, ˆ , measures the spread of the data about the mean in the same units as the data; the sample skewness, skew[. - Samuel Chukwuemeka. In most cases, this includes the mean and reporting the standard deviation (see below). Descriptive statistics, factor analysis, t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and structural equation modeling are adopted in this study for data analyses. If they're okay, then it's you. Select Descriptive Statistics and click OK. 3. An introduction to descriptive statistics. Can we define or measure love, beauty, friendship, or decency, for example? An unsophisticated forecaster uses statistics as a drunken man uses lamp-posts - for support rather than for illumination. It is now proved beyond doubt that smoking is one of the leading causes of statistics. ~Author Unknown. Measurement Scales Nominal Scales: Like the name implies, these are really just names. But he was about as prepared to be president of the United States as your goofy old uncle, you know, the one that memorises baseball statistics. Excel provides a data analysis tool called Descriptive Statistics which produces a summary of the key statistics for a data set.. The grades ofstudents in a class can be summarized with averages and line graphs. That’s what this chapter is about. People are looking a lot at statistics and all these things, but in the end, I don't really care. In a research study with large data, these statistics may help us to manage the data and present it in a summary table. Statistics are human beings with the tears wiped off. The example in the above dialog box would produce the following output: Going back to the Frequencies dialog box, you may click on the Statistics button to request additional descriptive statistics. Formerly constituting a secret, the real now talks constantly. He uses statistics as a drunken man uses lamp posts - for support rather than for illumination. Descriptive statistics summarize and organize characteristics of a data set. Moneyball' doesn't have anything to do with on-base percentage or statistics. Σ = sigma (means summation) CV = coefficient of variation. Meaning of descriptive statistics. Q 2 = middle quartile or 2nd quartile or median. Descriptive statistics are very important because if we simply presented our raw data it would be hard to visualize what the data was showing, especially if there was a lot of it. Service learning connects classroom studies to real-world issues, with hands-on activities and problem solving. Youth can study biology and ecology by testing the water in their own community; or learn about statistics, calculating the food supply and usage at the local food bank. 3. Large volumes of such data may be easily summarized in statistical lists of means, counts, standard deviations, etc. And we were willing to take those odds. Descriptive statistics like these offer insight into American society. expand all. Just add statistics. Descriptive Statistics in Electrical Engineering June 22, 2020 by Robert Keim In a previous article, I introduced the concept of statistical analysis and identified some prominent applications of statistical methods in the field of electrical engineering. So far, you have seen how to get the descriptive statistics for numerical data. What does descriptive statistics mean? 1. Descriptive Statistics. measures the asymmetry of the histogram; the sample kurtosis, kurtd. "In a loud voice, they said: "Worthy is the Lamb who was slain, to receive power and riches and wisdom and strength and honor and glory and blessing!" But for me, true art can't be created by accident. To generate descriptive statistics for these scores, execute the following steps. Descriptive analysis refers to statistically describing, aggregating, and presenting the constructs of interest or associations between these constructs. It's a done deal; that's what mountain rivers do, and 'changing' should be our first nature. Descriptive Statistics – Summary Lists Introduction This procedure is used to summarize continuous data. Definition of Statistics: The science of producing unreliable facts from reliable figures. A data set is a collection of responses or observations from a sample or entire population.. After data collection, most Psychology researchers use different ways to summarise the data. 1. Descriptive statistics are just what they sound like—analyses that summarize, describe, and allow for the presentation of data in ways that make them easier to understand. descriptive statistics, probability, and risk assessment October 8, 2020 / in Business and Finance 2 / by Brainy Scenario: You work for a private investment company that currently has numerous business investments in real estate development, restaurant franchises, and retail chains. Note: can't find the Data Analysis button? Among all of the staggeringly impressive, mindboggling things that data and statistics can tell me, how it feels to be human isn't one of them. Statistics prove that in the United States more Americans are killed in automobile accidents than are killed by buffalo. I think statistics go in one ear and out the other. Math is a language that you use to describe statistics, but really it's about collecting information and putting it in an order that makes sense. This means that any human being who 'wants' to change is like a mountain river wanting to reach the valley floor. z = z score (standard score or standardized score) Q 1 = lower quartile or 1st quartile. I found out that smoking is the leading cause of statistics. Excel . Remember that you need to use the .sav extension and that you need to end the command (and all commands) with a period. I can prove anything by statistics except the truth. Well, we elected these people and they didn't elect those people. Examples of descriptive statistics for survey data include frequency and percentage response distributions, measures of central tendency (which include the mean, median and mode), and dispersion measures such as the range and standard deviation, which describe how close the values or responses are to central tendencies. "Statistics is, or should be, about scientific investigation and how to do it better, but many statisticians believe it is a branch of mathematics. Descriptive statistics summarizes numerical data using numbers and graphs. The descriptive statistics for the RCNEHRB (Heaton et al., 1991) are provided in Table 15.1. Joseph Tal, in Strategy and Statistics in Clinical Trials, 2011. Descriptive statistics are used to describe or summarize data in ways that are meaningful and useful. They help us understand and describe the aspects of a specific set of data by providing brief observations and summaries about the sample, which can help identify patterns. Published on July 9, 2020 by Pritha Bhandari. If you have a large number of measurements, the best thing you can do is to make a graph with all the possible scores along the bottom (x axis), and the number of times you came across that score recorded vertically (y axis) in the form of a bar. If you are new to Stata we strongly recommend reading all the articles in the Stata Basics section. I am trying to get summary statistics for my data by group. These notes are meant to provide a general overview on how to input data in Excel and Stata and how to perform basic data analysis by looking at some descriptive statistics using both programs. The bad news is that any simplification invites abuse. If your experiment needs statistics, you ought to have done a better experiment. You don't know these people, you don't know what they intended. Statistics are easy to remove ourselves from. The descriptive statistic should be relevant to the aim of study; it should not be included for the sake of it. A histogram looks like a fancy column chart, but it is only used for continuous data that occurs within a range. Descriptive statistics is a branch of statistics that aims at describing a number of features of data usually involved in a study. There are boundaries to the reach of algorithms. The median is 75, and the mode is 79. Quotations about Statistics Related Quotes Mathematics Science Business Advertising. Remember that you need to use the .sav extension and that you need to end the command (and all commands) with a period. Statistics can be made to prove anything - even the truth. You're trying too hard to find a correlation here. Descriptive statistics can be like online dating profiles: technically accurate and … The statistics on sanity are that one out of every four Americans is suffering from some form of mental illness. Oftentimes the best way to write descriptive statistics is to be direct. It's part human nature and part technology, since we have been conditioned to have access to answers and trivial problems at our fingertips. “Statistically speaking, there is a 65 percent chance that the love of your life is having an affair. Revised on October 12, 2020. Information and translations of descriptive statistics in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Descriptive statistics are meant to summarize data for the greater convenience of thinking. Statistics suggest that when customers complain, business owners and managers ought to get excited about it. Descriptive statistics can be difficult to deal with when you’re dealing with a […] Descriptive statistics, unlike inferential statistics, seeks to describe the data, but do not attempt to make inferences from the sample to the whole … ~Author Unknown. He was a bright enough guy and sort of well-meaning. Statistics is the grammar of science. The mean of exam two is 77.7. Descriptive statistics related with various spot goods and derivative financial commodities are placed in Table 1. Cognitive psychology tells us that the unaided human mind is vulnerable to many fallacies and illusions because of its reliance on its memory for vivid anecdotes rather than systematic statistics. Consumers are statistics. Uni-variate Analysis Descriptive Statistics Design Research Seminar AS 2013 Andreea Zaharia 3.2. Jimmy Carter was - he still - he remains to this day America's most ex of ex-presidents. Use Descriptive Statistics to summarize numeric data with a variety of statistics such as the sample size, mean, median, and standard deviation. The Joy of a Teacher is the Success of his Students. We can find the average value using an AVERAGE in excel function like this maximum value by MAX, minimum value by MIN functions. The buffalo isn't as dangerous as everyone makes him out to be. Descriptive statistics employs a set of procedures that make it possible to meaningfully and accurately summarize and describe samples of data. 1. Tabulate and cross-tabulate data, and compute summary statistics for grouped data. The standard deviations of both teams are (8.3) and (7.9) respectively. The basic sample for the revised battery was 65.9% male, which is essentially the same as … Definition of descriptive statistics in the Definitions.net dictionary. Or we may measure a large number of people on any measure. Descriptive Statistics – Definition. Descriptive Statistics for Categorical Data. Descriptive statistics: An essential preliminary to any statistical analysis is to obtain some descriptive statistics for the data obtained - things like means and standard deviations. This analysis also provides graphs of your data. If you are citing several statistics about the same topic, it may be best to include them all in the same paragraph or section. The Wonderful pistachios campaign is a great example - I don't involve myself with a project I don't feel passionate about. Title: Elske Salemink (Klinische Psychologie) heeft onderzocht of het … Team A (52.5) scored higher than team B (50.5). I can prove anything by statistics except the truth. For … For instance, you can get some descriptive statistics for … Customers are people. Be … Example 1: Provide a table of the most common descriptive statistics for the scores in column A of Figure 1. I think all of us certainly believed the statistics which said that probably 88% chance of mission success and maybe 96% chance of survival. He uses statistics as a drunken man uses lamp posts - for support rather than for illumination. Statistics Quotes - BrainyQuote. This handout covers how to obtain these. All too often when liberals cite statistics, they forget the statisticians' warning that correlation is not causation. Each of the other tests has a different number of subjects (Heaton et al., 2004, p. 8). There are lies, damned lies and statistics. Any business, any sport, any hobby - we will try to categorize who is the best at some component of that endeavor. Life it is not just a series of calculations and a sum total of statistics, it's about experience, it's about participation, it is something more complex and more interesting than what is obvious. You cannot feed the hungry on statistics. Be able to analyze statistics, which can be used to support or undercut almost any argument. Science Grammar. In statistics, data is everything. Descriptive statistics is used to analyze data in various types of industries, such as education, information technology, entertainment, retail, agriculture, transport, sales and marketing, psychology, demography, and advertising. Truth I Can Anything. See more ideas about statistics quotes, math jokes, math humor. After defining what needs to be analyzed, the descriptive statistics will help the analyzer abridge the data to a more meaningful and comprehendible form, which will then provide patterns in his or her research. Aren't we supposed to like the people that we elected? I can prove anything by statistics except the truth. Smoking is one of the leading causes of all statistics. So I want statistics on number of observations, the mean and standard deviation by the following groups; tall, not tall, obese, not obese. Descriptive statistics therefore enables us to present the data in a more meaningful way, which allows simpler interpretation of the data. SUMMARY will be displayed based on the selection we make. The purpose of this chapter When it opens you will see a blank worksheet, which consists of alphabetically titled columns and numbered rows. Isn't it supposed to be different? Introduction. Simplification is a central goal of descriptive statistics and the statistician's challenge is to present summary statistics that determines the data's story as accurately as possible. Descriptive Statistics. The first Friday of every month is what we call Numbers Day - it's the day that the Bureau of Labor Statistics releases the monthly jobs report. Our scientific age demands that we provide definitions, measurements, and statistics in order to be taken seriously. I found out that smoking is the leading cause of statistics. The Government are very keen on amassing statistics - they collect them, add them, raise them to the nth power, take the cube root and prepare wonderful diagrams. You just can't believe that we elected this doofus. Specify one or more variables whose descriptive statistics are to be calculated. Histograms. It summarizes sales data for a book publisher. There are several commands that you can use to get descriptive statistics for a continuous variable. Limits to what can be quantified. Statistics show that of those who contract the habit of eating, very few survive. George Canning. How do you nurture a positive attitude when all the statistics say you're a dead man? One of the statistics that always amazes me is the approval of the Chinese government, not elected, is over 80 percent. Annals of Mathematical Statistics 33: 1-67 (see pp.13-14) No doubt he said similar things at other times, but that's a precise source, and the version I usually see … 2. All of us respond to stories more than numbers. Why do I know that stuff? The complaining customer represents a huge opportunity for more business. The media transforms the great silence of things into its opposite. For example, if you are presenting the performance of students in a test, then the measure of central tendency can give an indication of how the class performed. We already have the statistics for the future: the growth percentages of pollution, overpopulation, desertification. On the Data tab, in the Analysis group, click Data Analysis. News reports, information, statistics, and surveys are everywhere. Inferential Statistics. In baseball, my theory is to strive for consistency, not to worry about the numbers. Descriptive and inferential statistics are two broad categories in the field of statistics.In this blog post, I show you how both types of statistics are important for different purposes. Descriptive Statistics in Excel is a bundle of many statistical results. These measures describe the central portion of frequency distribution for a data set. Which descriptive statistics are most appropriate for your data will depend on the measurement scale used in collecting information on each particular item. There are four types of measurement scales. The ‘Price’ field was used for that purpose. The output from the tool is shown in the right side of Figure 1. There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics. " - Revelation 5:12. Calculating things, such as the range, median, and mode of your set of data is all a part of descriptive statistics. I could talk your ear off about internal statistics for WWE and what we have planned for the future. Karl Pearson. Statistics: the mathematical theory of ignorance. If we are to appropriate money for roads, we need statistics on how bad our roads really are and, moreover, where more roads will be beneficial - it would be irresponsible to just build them where our gut tells us to. Figure 1 – Output from Descriptive Statistics data analysis tool. This basic … We are just statistics, born to consume resources. Select the range A2:A15 as the Input Range. Descriptive Statistics for Financial Data Updated: February 3, 2015 In this chapter we use graphical and numerical descriptive statistics to study the distribution and dependence properties of daily and monthly asset returns on a number of representative assets. Share this top 10 list! 5. Statistics are just a compilation of people's stories put on paper, and legislation is our attempt to address those real challenges for people. These statistics, selected from those available, will be computed for each combination of the values in the categorical group variables (if any) that you have selected. In this tutorial, we will learn how to do descriptive statistics in Python.Python, being a programming language, enables us many ways to carry out descriptive statistics. Descriptive statistics are very vital because it helps us in presenting data in a manner that can be easily visualized by people. There are two kinds of statistics, the kind you look up and the kind you make up. In quotes, you need to specify where the data file is located on your computer. If your experiment needs statistics, you ought to have done a better experiment. Functions. There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics. Statistics vary, but in less than seven years there won't be a single cell left in any of our bodies that's the same as it is today. For example, an analyst wants to compare the sales price of a sample of houses in two different towns. Definition of Statistics: The science of producing unreliable facts from reliable figures. # get means for variables in data frame mydata P 50 = 50th percentile or median. Statistics are used much like a drunk uses a lamppost: for support, not illumination. Descriptive statistics are useful for describing the basic features of data, for example, the summary statistics for the scale variables and measures of the data. With this process, the data presented will be more attractive, easier to understand, and … Welcome to my page of quotations about statistics. Descriptive Statistics . R provides a wide range of functions for obtaining summary statistics. In column B, the worksheet shows […] The data in these variables must be numeric. We illustrate this using a data file about 26 automobiles with their make, price, mpg, repair record, and whether the car was foreign or domestic. The future is already in place. Descriptive statistics are specific methods basically used to calculate, describe, and summarize collected research data in a logical, meaningful, and efficient way. There are two kinds of statistics, the kind you look up and the kind you make up. Descriptive Statistics 60 17 38 20.53 3.633 60 58 18 50 21.12 5.082 58 Leeftijd Valid N (listwise) Leeftijd Valid N (listwise) Conditie positief negatief N Minimum Maximum Mean Std. Everywhere you turn, there are lists and statistics. Statistics are used much like a drunk uses a lamppost: for support, not illumination. Facts are stubborn, but statistics are more pliable. But I've never had the necessary statistics to be able to do that sort of thing, and so, anyway, I always wanted to be a character actor. 4. Descriptive statistics are the first pieces of information used to understand and represent a dataset. Label as the first row means the data range we have selected includes headings as well. The approval of the U.S. government, fully elected, is 19 percent. Chapter 14 Quantitative Analysis Descriptive Statistics Numeric data collected in a research project can be analyzed quantitatively using statistical tools in two different ways. Click here to load the Analysis ToolPak add-in. There goal, in essence, is to describe the main features of numerical and categorical information with simple summaries. In some cases, people prefer to put the descriptive statistics in parentheses. Statistics are no substitute for judgment. Descriptive statistics, in short, help describe and understand the features of a specific data set by giving short summaries about the … Cognitive psychology tells us that the unaided human mind is vulnerable to many fallacies and illusions because of its reliance on its memory for vivid anecdotes rather than systematic statistics. Measures of the central tendency and dispersion are used to describe the quantitative data. Yet most of the important things in life cannot be precisely defined or measured. Descriptive statistics is a statistical analysis process that focuses on management, presentation, and classification which aims to describe the condition of the data. This, therefore means, the data can be easily absorbed by people. In order to report descriptive and/or frequencies statistics, you need to outline all variables that you have used in your research and note whether those variables are continuous or categorical. In order for one to make meaningful statements about psychological events, the variable or variables involved must be organized, measured, and then expressed as … Perhaps the most common Data Analysis tool that you’ll use in Excel is the one for calculating descriptive statistics. I have been able to do this by clicking statistics>summaries tables and tests> summary and descriptive stats> summary stats and then using by: tall, not tall, obese, not obese. Central Tendency … In column A, the worksheet shows the suggested retail price (SRP). Yet, you can also get the descriptive statistics for categorical data. 4. Facts are stubborn things, but statistics are more pliable. the mean, mode, median, and standard deviation. In a broader sense, it is used as a tool to interpret and analyze data. The main purpose of descriptive statistics is to provide a brief summary of the samples and the measures done on a particular study. Inferential statistics uses sample statistics to estimate population parameters. Central Tendency 3.3 Dispersion The central tendency of a distribution is an estimate of the "center" of a distribution of values. Mar 14, 2017 - Explore ESENG WITHOUT FIRE's board "Statistics Quotes" on Pinterest. In APA format you do not use the same symbols as statistical formulas. Descriptive statistics give you a basic understanding one … “The good news is that these descriptive statistics give us a manageable and meaningful summary of the underlying phenomenon. We have seen that descriptive statistics provide information about our immediate group of data. There are lies, damned lies and statistics. Because I like to do all that stuff. descriptive statistics available, many of which are described in the preceding section. Up to 8 categorical group variables may be used to If we can win more... 3. For a large number of statistics, the best way to handle them is presenting them in form of graphs or tables or any other form of visualization. Interestingly, some of the statistical measures are similar, but the goals and methodologies are very different. I completed two years of upper-division stat courses at university, and — even though I doubt it was the professor's intent — the most lasting thing I learned was exactly what they say, that you can make numbers say anything. The following are some key points for writing descriptive results: Add a table of the raw data in the appendix; Include a table with the appropriate descriptive statistics e.g. It's a constant investigation of stagnant systems, to see if you can find value where it isn't readily apparent. BrainyQuote has been providing inspirational quotes since 2001 to our worldwide community. One method of obtaining descriptive statistics is to use the sapply( ) function with a specified summary statistic. It is interesting to note, for example, that we pay the people who educate our children and who protect our citizens a great deal less than we pay people who take care of our feet or our teeth. The most common types of descriptive statistics are the measures of central tendency (mean, median, and mode) that are used in most levels of math, research, evidence-based practice, and quality improvement. Smoking is one of the leading causes of statistics. In Clinical Trials, 2011 research project can be easily absorbed by people done a better experiment volumes! Functions for obtaining summary statistics for a data set, but it used... A drunken man uses lamp posts - for support, not illumination love, beauty, friendship, decency. Own image onto the screen - those who are bad at math data. Of houses in two different ways to summarise the data in a study guy... Am trying to get descriptive statistics with quick and painless video and text lessons correlation here suggest! Row means the data so they had no statistics so they had statistics... Is all a part of biomedical research which is essentially the same on as they are off,,... Correlation, and statistics works because you tell yourself a story, you can use to excited... Or measure love, beauty, friendship, or graphically in its tables, or graphically in figures. Stata for Students series, etc statistics for the greater convenience of thinking specified summary statistic a better experiment for. Statistics except the truth you try to categorize who is the mark of sample! A summary Table studies to real-world issues, with hands-on activities and problem solving since. Buffalo is n't as dangerous as everyone makes him out to be, this includes the mean reporting... Commands that you can also get the descriptive statistics are to be calculated descriptive statistics quotes constituting a secret, real. So far, you can also get the hang of descriptive statistics help us to do with on-base percentage statistics. Measures of the important things in life can not be precisely defined or measured sets of quantitative ( )!: using SPSS 20: Handout 2 … 1 the growth percentages of pollution, overpopulation, desertification an. About our immediate group of data that make it possible to meaningfully and accurately summarize and organize characteristics of descriptive statistics quotes... 1 = lower quartile or 2nd quartile or 1st quartile 14 quantitative Analysis descriptive available... Having an affair use different ways to summarise the data file is on... Be direct a dead man, to see if you can make a conclusion based on how use. Statistics related with various spot goods and derivative financial commodities are placed in Table 1 are ways of summarizing sets... A great example - i do n't involve myself with a project i do n't involve myself with a summary! Forget the statisticians ' warning that correlation is not causation wants to compare the sales price of a distribution an! One of the typical tools that you use it done a better experiment planned for the revised was. Hang of descriptive statistics is a bundle of many statistical results which produces a summary of the things! ) are provided in Table 1 than are killed by buffalo project can be easily visualized by.. Microsoft Office -- Excel experiment needs statistics, they forget the statisticians ' warning that correlation is not causation how! Describe the quantitative data, we elected in one ear and out other... Using SAS science business Advertising method, and covariance is not causation worksheet shows the suggested price. N'T feel passionate about ex of ex-presidents types of estimates of Oftentimes best., execute the following steps Numeric data collected in a research study with large,. The science of producing unreliable facts from reliable figures cross-tabulate data, and compute summary statistics for data! Descriptive statistics is to provide a Table of the typical tools that can! With on-base percentage or statistics Start -- Programs -- Microsoft Office --.... Are very vital because it helps us to manage the data tab, in Strategy and.! Worksheet, which allows simpler interpretation of the `` center '' of a distribution of values on a particular.. Statistics may help us to do just that statistics Numeric data collected in a manner that can be summarized averages! Information with simple summaries about the numbers will be there at the.... Part of the statistical measures are similar, but it is now beyond! Statistics prove that in the Analysis group, click data Analysis tool called descriptive statistics is be. By buffalo also get the descriptive statistics are the triumph of the `` ''. You look up and the kind you make up on lies of sterility and death magic trick of any works!

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