It occurs mainly in ewes, goats, sows and to a lesser degree in cattle. Transporting stress generally acts as a predisposing factor for PPR outbreak in goats. Although breeding practices were very similar in many respects (low practice of castration, culling and replacement strategies, uncontrolled mating, no record keeping and selection criteria), the emphasis put on each selection criteria varied across cities and between species. Immediate consultation should be made to the nearest qualified veterinary doctor for antibiotic treatment. Confirmatory diagnosis was made by molecular technique RT-PCR. However, without evidence of mass clinical manifestation of PPR throughout Laos, it is considered highly unlikely that the few positive results detected here demonstrate that true exposure to PPR has occurred. Contact nearest Veterinary Assistant Surgeons for ring vaccination in the event of outbreak of disease. An outbreak of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) had occurred in Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR), also known as Goat Plague and Ovine Rinderpest, occurs in goats, sheep and related species. After seven days all animals were vaccinated with PPR cell culture vaccine. Research in Agricultural Sciences; 1(3): 43-49. Mass vaccination of sheep and goats in endemic countries might be a pragmatic approach to control PPR in the first phase of disease eradication. Genetic characterization of. PPR is a serious disease threatening the livelihood of poor farmers (Diallo et al., 2007). Ulcers in the mouth can be treated with saline water or dissolve 1g of Potassium permanganate in 1 liter of water and wash the mouth 2 to 3 times per day with this solution. A case is reported of acute phlegmonous gastritis with successful recovery and a survey of the pertinent literature is presented. index of suspicion are invaluable in management to reduce morbidity and mortality of the disease. health service providers. Description PPR vaccine (Living) is a preparation derived from cell cultures infected with attenuated Sungri/96 strain of PPR virus. distress syndrome and dilated cardiomyopathy. The used equipments of goat should keep under soil or burn it with fire. The disease appeared on 12th day of quarantine. However, use of improved technologies, particularly prophylaxis, superior germ plasm, low cost feeds and fodders, and innovative marketing of the produce would be the pre-conditions for successful commercial goat production. MATERIALS AND METHODS. You have entered an incorrect email address! and @ 5.0 mg/kg b.wt. In this method both anticyram and antibiotic destroy the germ of PPR together. Maintenance of cold chain for vaccine efficacy has proven difficult in subtropical countries. Healthy, sero negative for PPR infection 12 Black Bengal goats were divided into three groups. PPR Disease in Sheep and Goats For Dummies, Foot and Mouth Disease in Sheep and Goats, Sheep Farming Basics, Feeding, Breeding, Housing, Sheep Farming Importance in National Economy, Tellicherry Goats Breed Profile Information, Broiler Goat Rearing a Profitable Business, Boer Goat Breeding and Profile Information, Karnataka Sheep Farming – Govt Programmes, Sheep Farming Courses and Goat Farming Courses, Dairy Goat Breed in India – Jamunapari Goat, Sheep Farming Training and Goat Farming Training, Sheep Project Report For (500+25) Numbers, Benifits and Economics of Raising Sheep and Goats, Goat Farming Business Guide for Beginners. Khanapara area of Guwahati district, Assam. Erosive and haemorrhagic abomasitis and enteritis, enlargement of spleen and lymphnodes were mainly observed. Antibody titer and immunity induced blood cells number were more in the Levamisole and vaccine treated groups than only vaccine treated group. A total of 25 numbers of goats were found to be affected with PPR revealing characteristic signs of respiratory distress, high fever, anorexia, diarrhoea, abdominal cramps, reluctance to move and so forth. A typical outbreak of PPR was recorded in the Barbari breed of goats purchased from Uttar Pradesh, India and quarantined for 45days at the University research farm, Tamil Nadu Veter inary and Animal Sciences University (TANUV AS), Tam il Nadu, India. Faeces are the main spreading agent and through it the disease may occur in epidemic proportion. Sheep and goats were kept for a variety of reasons including income generation, insurance (sale for cash to meet unexpected expenditures) and economic security (sale for cash to support foreseeable expenses), social/religious functions and prestige in ownership. Recent advances in the method of application and monitoring of Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has facilitated its use even in the presence of serious physical illness. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Wild ruminants have been suspected to play a role in the spreading of this disease. Here, we discuss available potent PPR vaccines and the future possibility of developing new-generation vaccines against PPR. Kerur N, Jhala MK, Joshi CG. About 140 (2.18%) PPR infected goats Sci., 4(8): 193-198. journal of research and review. The disease picture was typical and sheep were observed to be less susceptible. Anorexia, fever diarrhoea, nasal discharge and pneumonia were the constant features of the disease, but buccal lesions, conjunctivitis and corneal opacity were observed only in few cases. PPR is considered as one of the main constraints in augmenting the productivity of small ruminants in developing countries and particularly severely affects poor farmerâs economy. The animals were not, Treatment was initiated for a period of 7 day, with Metronidazole@10mg/kg body weight. Food. Restriction should be made for introduction of new animals in a flock especially in areas where the disease is prevalent. J. Agric. Secretions and excretions are rich source of virus and spread of the disease take place through their contamination. It has been revealed that several large and progressive farmers, businessman and industrialists have adopted commercial goat farming. For example, in Africa PPR is seen most commonly in goats, while in western and South Asia sheep are usually the most noticeable victims. Disease was confirmed as PPR by serum neutralization (for Morbilli virus) and PPR specific IC-ELISA test. In PPR affected goats, timely Veterinary intervention with broad spectrum antibiotics and non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID) along with necessary rehydration therapy help to reduce economic losses to goat farmers by reducing mortality in PPR affected goats. Levamisole is an anthelmintic and synthetic immunomodulator. treatment of PPR Outbreak in Goat: A Case Report. It is used for prophylatic vaccination against PPR in sheep and goats. Applying combined treatment method of anticyram and antibiotic may be effective for PPR disease. Although both goats and sheep are susceptible to infection and may show disease, they are not always affected simultaneously. The freeze dried vaccine should be stored and transported at 2-8 o C. The vaccine diluent should be stored in a â¦ PPR has rendered various lesions in GI and respiratory tract which are characteristic in nature for â¦ Irrespective of city, most of the goats were of the indigenous type while keeping crossbred animals and/or maintaining more than one genotype in the same flock was more commonly practiced by sheep keepers. Out of 30 goats purchased morbidity and mortality were 66.7% and 16.67%, respectively. We present a case of 7 year old, female, Nigerian child who had chronic diarrhoea, weight loss and intermittent fever for one year duration with spontaneous discharge of faecal matter from the vagina for 3 months. PPR is the one of the priority animal diseases whose control is considered important for poverty alleviation in enzootic countries. â¢ In 2007 China reported PPR for the first time. Similar treatment for PPR has been also reported in other case studies, Biochemical evaluation and proteinic analysis of Swamp buffalo semen. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute, highly contagious, world organization for animal health (OIE) notifiable and economically important transboundary viral disease of sheep and goats associated with high morbidity and mortality and caused by PPR virus. Ingestion of infected material is the main way of transmission but it may also take place through inhalation and contact with ocular secretions. The disease may spread in a flock through introduction of newly purchased sick animal from market. However, only a systematic study of PPRV, International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, effective treatment protocols that are available and also. Commercialisation would help in increasing the goat productivity and bridging the demand-supply gap. Symptoms of PPR disease PPR disease in sheep and goats: PPR disease in sheep and goats is an acute highly contagious viral disease of small ruminants characterized by fever, loss of appetite, stomatitis, gastroenteritis and pneumonitis. and 2 Ulcerative lesion on mouth and nostrils, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Manna Baruti, All content in this area was uploaded by Manna Baruti on Sep 18, 2018, economic development of rural households and, incubation period of the disease is 3-6 days, and is, 2008). Following prompt treatment, the mortality rate was reduced to 12.5% with complete recovery being observed in 7 days time. We describe here a 10-month-old boy with HUS who developed pulmonary hemorrhage, acute respiratory, Abdominal tuberculosis presenting with spontaneous recto-vaginal fistula is very rare. Because diagnosis of primary abdominal TB is very challenging, prevention of the disease and high. Effect of levamisole on PPR vaccine in goat model was evaluated in this study. Hence PPR vaccination advised before transportation. Sick animals bought from market should not be introduced without observation for a definite period. The study was conducted at upazila veterinary hospital, Kushtia Sador, in the year, 2008. Donât transport or sell the infected goat. The disease is not transmitted through insect vectors. Infection chronology, virus circulation, and the disease early detection need to be better understood. Treatment. This case report b of a patient in catatonic stupor who developed an acute respiratory crisis, and in whom the use of ECT led to quick recovery not only from the psychiatric state but also helped recovery from the medical illness. Naturally PPR infected 128 goats were randomly selected and used for this trial experiment in six different goat farms during the period from March 2001 to July 2003. The disease can, however, strike both species with equally devastating consequences. The present study attempts to provide fresh insights into the various effective treatment protocols that are available and also the preventive measures that must be put in place to curb PPR outbreak. A majority of commercial goat farms have been found operating with positive net returns. Oral necrotic lesions noticed in lips, buccal mucosae, gums, dental palate & tongue, with malodour (halitosis). 4: 160-167. The present study report three outbreaks of PPR in two migratory flocks of goats in 2016 -17. PPR usually causes severe disease in goats, miler disease in sheep and subclinical infection in cattle. intestine and alleviate signs of diarrhoea.